Chances are you’ve happily cheered with the masses, shouted ‘good serve’ and occasionally even dropped a famous player’s name into conversation. But, how many of the rules do you actually know? Here’s a quick guide to understanding the tennis jargon this summer and finally being that tennis pro you have pretended to be for years.
The Coin Toss
All tennis matches start with a coin toss, which decides who gets first serve and which end of the court each player begins in. This might be beneficial, for example, if the sun is shining in a particular direction, which would interfere with a player's visibility and make it harder to serve.
Once the serve is decided, the players have to perform it perfectly. A single serve could be the difference between winning and losing- this is why they often take so long incessantly bouncing and testing each tennis ball! There are a few important things for the server to remember: they must hit the ball with their racket before it bounces, they must avoid hitting the net and they must make sure to hit the ball into the diagonal box on their opponents side. You have two opportunities to serve, so if you do hit the net, or fault because you hit the ball too far- you may have another shot.
Once the ball is in motion, and being hit from one player to another, this is known as a rally. This is generally what most tennis-watchers pay to see, as stop-start games are often too slow and boring to watch. The sport is set up into games, sets, and matches. You need four points to win a game, six games to win a set and at least two sets to win the match.
The Point System
The reason tennis seems so tricky is because fans like to use peculiar terminology to describe the game's point system. Instead of “zero” the tennis players start on “Love” and the first point, rather than being “one”, is actually 15, the second, 30 and the third 40 – it's not simple! When the fourth point is scored the player wins the game. If however, both players reach 40-40, this is known as deuce and from here the player must score two points in a row for them to win the game. Once a player has won one point, you will hear the umpire call 'advantage' followed by the scorer's name. After six games have been won- by a margin of two or more- the player has completed the set. Generally the best of three sets wins the match but in certain tournaments, such as the men's Grand Slam, the players must win best to five instead.
Make sure you show off your new tennis knowledge and when in doubt just ask if anyone needs a top up!